The Centre on Wednesday (29/07/2020) rolls out the new National Education Policy (NEP) and renamed the Central Human Resources Development (HRD) Ministry as Education Ministry, education minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank announced.

New Delhi: Union cabinet meeting, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the National Education Policy for the 21st century, adding “It is important as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy.” 

The NEP will replace the existing National Policy on Education, which was formulated in early 1986 and later modified in 1992. The NEP includes the extension of the Right to Education Act 2009 to cover children between the age group of 3 to 18 years. It also seeks to reduce the content load in the school education curriculum.

Here are the key changes under the New Education Policy:

  • MPhil courses will be discontinued under the new policy and all the courses at undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD level will now be interdisciplinary.
  • Board exams in schools will be low stakes and test actual knowledge of students instead of “rote learning”.
  • Home language, mother tongue or regional language will be the medium of instruction up to Class 5.
  • School curriculum will also be reduced to core concepts and there will be integration of vocational education from Class 6.
  • Report cards will be based comprehensive skills and capabilities instead of just marks and grades.
  • E-courses will be developed in regional languages, Virtual lab will be developed and National Educational Technology Forum will be created.
  • There are over 45,000 affiliated colleges in our country, Under graded autonomy, academic, administrative and financial autonomy will be given to colleges on the basis of their accreditation.
  • National Assessment Centre ‘PARAKH‘ has been created to assess the students.
  • Common entrance exams will be held for admissions in universities and higher education institutions.


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